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Wednesday, April 22, 2020 | History

2 edition of Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science found in the catalog.

Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science

Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science

concepts and principles

by

  • 30 Want to read
  • 10 Currently reading

Published by Information Science Reference in Hershey PA .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Computer science -- Philosophy,
  • Computers -- Moral and ethical aspects,
  • Artificial intelligence

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and index.

    StatementJordi Vallverdu, editor.
    ContributionsVallverdú, Jordi.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQA76.167 .T485 2010
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. cm.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL24002624M
    ISBN 109781616920142, 9781616920159
    LC Control Number2009052666


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Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science Download PDF EPUB FB2

Jordi Vallverdú, Ph.D., M.A. is Lecturer Professor at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain), where he teaches Philosophy and History of Science and holds a Ph.D.

in philosophy of science (UAB) and a master in history of sciences (UAB). His research is dedicated to the epistemological, ethical, gender, and educational aspects of Philosophy of Computing and by: 8.

The popular term “robots“—first used in a Czech science fiction play staged in —refers to machines that embody what scientists call artificial intelligence (AI). In an outstanding survey of the field, British science journalist Luke Dormehl delves deeply into the past, present, and future of humankind’s attempts to create machines Cited by: 2.

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Get this from a library. Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science: concepts and principles. [Jordi Vallverdú;] -- "This book offers a high interdisciplinary exchange of ideas pertaining to the philosophy of computer science, from philosophical and mathematical logic to epistemology, engineering, ethics or.

How to Account for Information: /ch In Floridi (), I argued that a definition of semantic information in terms of alethically-neutral content – that is, strings of well-formed and meaningful Thinking Machines and the Philosophy of Computer Science: Concepts and Principles.

In Thinking Machines and the Author: Luciano Floridi. No one knows what the future holds but Thinking Machines I fall into that camp and I learned a lot from this book. I am 34 and writing this review Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science book and my takeaway is that the world is going to drastically change within my lifetime.

"47% of jobs in the US are susceptible to automation within the next 20 years” /5. Inwhen he was still a student at MIT, Danny Hillis cofounded Thinking Machines, one of the most famous failures in the history of computing.

A hive of wayward and brilliant researchers. Programming Languages as Mathematical Theories: /ch That computer science is somehow a mathematical activity was a view held by many of the pioneers of the subject, especially those who were concerned with itsAuthor: Raymond Turner.

In a recent podcast, “The Turing Test is Dead. Long Live The Lovelace Test,” Walter Bradley Center director Robert J.

Marks and philosopher and computer scientist Selmer Bringsjord, director of the Rensselaer AI Reasoning Lab, discuss tests for determining whether a computer can think like a human.

The best known is the Turing test, developed by computer pioneer Alan Turing. Philosophy of Computer Science: An Introductory Course Abstract There are many branches of philosophy called “the philosophy of X”, where X = disciplines ranging from history to physics. The philosophy of artificial intelligence has a long history, and.

Philosophy of science books every computer scientist should read. When I tell my fellow computer scientists or software developers that I'm interested in philosophy of science, they first look a bit confused, then we have a really interesting discussion Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science book it and then they ask me for some interesting books they could read about that Christmas is just around the corner and some of.

Artificial intelligence has close connections with philosophy because both share several concepts and these include intelligence, action, consciousness, epistemology, and even free Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science book.

Furthermore, the technology is concerned with the creation of artificial animals or artificial people (or, at least, artificial creatures) so the discipline is of considerable interest to Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science book.

Creative thought is surely among our most precious and mysterious capabilities. But can powerful computers rival the human brain. As thinking, remembering and innovating become increasingly interwoven Thinking machines and the philosophy of computer science book technological advances, what are we capable of.

What do we lose. Join Luciano Floridi, John Donoghue, Gary Small and Rosalind Picard for a thought-provoking program about thinking. Richard Feynman and The Connection Machine.

by W. Daniel Hillis for Physics Today. and cheerfully remind us of how crazy we all were. When we finally picked the name of the company, Thinking Machines Corporation, Richard was delighted. but also because it is a specific contribution Richard made to the mainstream of computer science.

Key works: The idea that machines could think occurred to the very first computer builders and programmers. See, e.g., Alan Turing's great paper Turing The term "artificial intelligence" (AI) goes back to a summer conference in held at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.

In this volume, leading authorities offer a variety of perspectives—drawn from philosophy, cognitive psychology, and computer science—on reasoning about the reasoning book offers a simple model of reasoning about reason as a framework for its discussions.

Thinking machines: Can there be. Are we. Terry Winograd. but in a basic philosophy of patchwork rationalism that has guided the research. In this paper I review the guiding Computer science as empirical inquiry, p. Michie and Johnston, The Creative Computer, p. Minsky, The Society of Mind, p.

the philosophy of computer science and describes a course covering those The third book is an anthology, but-again-there was only a small overlap with my topics, and, in any case, I preferred that my phy journal The Monist ( []) was devoted to the philosophy of computer science.

The journal Minds and Machines: Journal for File Size: 2MB. ranges across philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, computer science, and even robotics. As a result, strictly speaking, the course is more an interdisciplinary exploration of what 'mind' is, rather than purely a course in the philosophy of my opinion, the lecturer, Patrick Grim, does an excellent job of covering this broad range of.

Let’s go on to your first book choice, Heartificial Intelligence: Embracing Our Humanity to Maximize Machines () by John C Havens. First of all, I’ll say that I’ve chosen five books which I thought, as a package, would give quite a good introduction to the range of issues in AI as there’s a big range of issues and quite a wide range of approaches.

Declaring we are machines and our thinking is mechanical provides no useful insight. It is simply a statement that thinking obeys physical laws. Whether it resembles in any way the actions of actual machines (even computing machines) in either manner of operation or actual result is obfuscated by the too facile declaration.

The logic taught in philosophy and computer-science classes today—first-order or predicate logic—is only a slight modification of Frege’s system.

Frege. This course introduces the broader discipline of computer science to people having basic familiarity with Java programming. It covers the second half of our book Computer Science: An Interdisciplinary Approach (the first half is covered in our Coursera course Computer Science: Programming with a Purpose, to be released in the fall of ).

Computational thinking is taking an approach to solving problems, designing systems and understanding human behaviour that draws on concepts fundamental to computing 1. Computational thinking is a kind of analytical thinking. It shares with mathematical thinking in the general ways in which we might approach solving a problem.

Thinking Machines is a book that gives you the facts about artificial intelligence (AI) in a well-written and enjoyable way. The book is a good read for those who know little about AI. Philosophy of Computer Science William J. Rapaport Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Department of Philosophy, Department of Linguistics.

Thinking machines: Some fundamental confusions [Book Review] John T. Kearns. Minds and Machines 7 (2) The Philosophy of Computer Science. Raymond Turner - - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. SAD Computers and Two Versions of the Church–Turing Thesis. Tim Button - - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4) What is intelligence.

What does it mean to be conscious. What is a mind and is it something more than the body it is in. These are all questions of Philosophy. They are also of interest to computer scientists.

Whilst a philosopher attacks them using rational argument, a computer scientist tries to. Central questions in the philosophy of science have long been what science is, what characterizes science and what distinguishes science from non-science (the demarcation problem).

These questions have recently somewhat moved out of focus, however, due to the lack of acceptable answers. Introduction to Computer Science Introduction Ryan Stansifer Department of Computer Sciences Learn some algorithms, some real and idealized machines, learn something about information.

Mostly learn some mechanisms which Philosophy is written in this grand book, the universe. David Deutsch: AI is achievable, but it will take more than computer science and neuroscience to develop machines that think like people Published: 3 Oct Published: 3 Oct   Clearer thinking through philosophy.

AI is one of Lin’s key interests in computer science, and she’s currently working in the Computational Cognitive Science group of Professor Josh Tenenbaum, which develops computational models of how humans and machines learn. The Emotion Machine Activity The class program a card robot face to show different emotions one after another.

This is a very simple way to introduce the idea of programs and sequences of instructions as well as computational thinking ideas like algorithmic thinking and decomposition. Thinking About Thinking. artificial intelligence and stresses the importance of combining research from computer science, neurobiology, cognitive science, and philosophy of mind to better.

Computer science is the study of processes that interact with data and that can be represented as data in the form of enables the use of algorithms to manipulate, store, and communicate digital information.A computer scientist studies the theory of computation and the design of software systems.

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The idea of technological singularity, and what it would mean if ordinary human intelligence were enhanced or overtaken by artificial intelligence. The idea that human history is approaching a “singularity”—that ordinary humans will someday be overtaken by artificially intelligent machines or cognitively enhanced biological intelligence, or both—has moved from the realm of science.

The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics is a nonfiction book by David J. Gunkel that discusses the evolution of the theory of human ethical responsibilities toward non-human things and to what extent intelligent, autonomous machines can be considered to have legitimate moral responsibilities and what legitimate claims to moral consideration they can : David J.

Gunkel. Patrick Grim. Distinguished Teaching Professor Ph.D. Boston University University of St. Andrews. Harriman Hall Stony Brook University Stony Brook, NY Tel: () [email protected] Areas of Specialization. Patrick Grim’s work spans ethics, philosophical logic, philosophy of science, philosophy of law, philosophy of mind, contemporary.

Initially, the field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) aimed at constructing 'thinking machines' - that is, computer systems with human-like, domain-independent intelligence.

But this task proved more difficult than expected. As the. Cognitive pdf investigates the nature of the human mind and cuts across several disciplines (e.g., psychology, computer science, philosophy, linguistics). This course examines the approaches these disciplines use to promote our understanding of various mental phenomena (e.g., perceiving, reasoning, production and comprehension of language.The Age of Spiritual Machines has been translated into download pdf languages and was the #1 best-selling book on Amazon in science.

Kurzweil's book The Singularity Is Near was a New York Times bestseller, and has been the #1 book on Amazon in both science and mater: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.S.).